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Data recording is the fundamental function either for low and high income countries to manage public debt in the most effective and efficient way. Sources, methodologies, maintenance and timeliness are some of the most important aspects to deal with in setting up a sovereign debt database. Moreover, many initiatives and efforts are dedicated at international level to produce exhaustive and comparable data concerning sovereign debt. Lastly, the 2007-2008 Local Currency Bond Market initiative at G7/G8 and its Action Plan for evaluating and improving the database in a timely, regular and international comparable manner.

This website’s section aims at contributing to the diffusion of appropriate statistics on public debt by providing the most important links to the multilateral organizations websites publishing data on public debt.


In the IMF - Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) page there are, among many others, data about the external debt for a large group of countries (63 of the most important),through a link to their respective Treasury Departments / Central Banks.


Clicking to the World Bank – Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS) you find quarterly data about the Gross External Debt detailed for sectors (General Government, Monetary Authorities, Banks, Other) regarding a large number of countries and about foreign and domestic currency debt for a more limited number of countries; there also other supplementary tables.


In the link to Statistics Portal of the OECD (StatExtracts) there is the Dataset of the Central Government Debt of the OECD countries; data are from 1980 and, particularly meaningful, distinguished between marketable and non-marketable debt.


The Eurostat website provides the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions. The Government finance statistics (GFS) area presents the economic activities of government in a harmonised and comparable way, with an emphasis on the economic substance over the legal form of the event. The GFS presentation shows in an integrated manner: government revenue, government expenditure, government deficit, transactions in assets, transactions in liabilities, other economic flows, and balance sheets.


A new initiative of BIS, IMF, OECD and World Bank is the Joint External Debt Hub (JEDH) : a database with 92 types of time series, the most part of which regarding the Gross External Debt with its sectorial composition and other kind of specifications; data are available for 216 countries and from 1990 onwards.


The Bank of International Settlements compiles a number of quarterly statistics on securities markets, including: international debt securities, international equities and domestic securities. Moreover, it publishes quarterly data on international syndicated loans, which, like securities, can be traded on the secondary market. The data are mainly derived from market sources and provide information on aggregates of amounts outstanding and new issues. The data are broken down according to criteria similar to those applied to the banking statistics. Only the borrower/issuer side of securities and syndicated loans issues is covered.


The website of the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics presents data for the Group of 20 (G-20) to facilitate the monitoring of economic and financial developments for these systemically important economies. Launched in response to the on-going financial and economic crisis, it is hosted by the IMF, and is a joint undertaking of the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics (Inter-Agency Group): Bank for International Settlements (BIS), European Central Bank (ECB), Eurostat, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the United Nations (UN), and the World Bank (WB).


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