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Contract Standards

Contract standards consist of generally accepted master agreements and documents, guidelines, legal rules, and recommendations, that are commonly accepted by the industry regarding sovereign debt instruments and derivatives.  Contract standards may therefore cover a wide range of aspects, spanning transparency and accountability, duties, negotiation, market infrastructure, termination, to dispute resolution. As a matter of fact, these documentation materials are ultimately meant to strengthen the efficiency and cost effectiveness of international sovereign debt capital markets by ensuring the efficiency and enforceability of their provisions. The design of industry-shared standards is a continuous process involving market participants, exchanges and clearing houses, law and accounting firms.

Complete List of Documents in this Section

List of Documents
Title Author
Sovereign Bailouts: Are Ex-Ante Conditions Useful? Elena Perazzi
Pari Passu Lost and Found: The Origins of Sovereign Bankruptcy 1798-1873 Marc Flandreau
Why do Sovereign Borrowers Post Collateral? Evidence from the 19th Century Marc Flandreau, Stefano Pietrosanti, Carlotta Schuster
Policies for managing a wave of sovereign debt crises Patrick Bolton, Mitu Gulati, Ugo Panizza
How China lends: A rare look into 100 debt contracts with foreign governments Anna Gelpern, Sebastian Horn, Scott Morris, Brad Parks, Christoph Trebesch