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Investor Relations and Rating Agencies

Sovereign debt managers increasingly recognize the strategic role of active investor relations. In a global framework characterized by macroeconomic and markets uncertainty, investor relations bolster the functioning of primary and secondary markets, mitigate the refinancing risk, and ultimately reduce costs. Therefore, Governments may greatly benefit from regular contacts with their main investors and a high degree of transparency in data dissemination and reporting.

In this vein, Credit Rating Agencies are among the most important vehicles for sovereign debt managers’ communication to the market, as they provide investors with professional, systematic and standardized analyses of the risks associated with debt securities, enhancing financial markets' transparency. The recent financial crises of the late 2000s and early 2010s emphasized the role of Rating Agencies as a potential source for undesired, pro-cyclical macroeconomic effects, which may stem from rating downgrades during economic and financial downturns. As a result, the role of rating agencies is debated at the international level in order to ensure their neutral operating in capital markets.

Complete List of Documents in this Section

List of Documents
Title Author
Credit Worthy: ESG factors and Sovereign Credit Ratings Gratcheva Ekaterina M., O'Reilly Gurhy Bryan, Skarnulis Andrius, Stewart Fiona Elizabeth, Wan Dieter
Sovereign credit ratings during the Covid-19 pandemic Yen Tran, Huong Vu, Patrycja Klusak, Moritz Kramer, Tri Hoan
The Convergence of SovereignEnvironmental, Social and Governance Ratings Eric Bouyé, Diane Menville
Rising temperatures, falling ratings: The effect of climate change on sovereign creditworthiness Patrycja Klusak, Matthew Agarwala, Matt Burke, Moritz Kraemer, Kamiar Mohaddes
The Benevolence of Time, Sound Macroeconomic Environment and Governance Quality on the Duration of Sovereign Ratings Phases Luca Agnello, Vitor Castro, Ricardo Sousa