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The Fiscal and Financial Risks of a High-Debt, Slow-Growth World

Higher long-term real interest rates, lower growth, and higher debt will put pressure on medium-term fiscal trends and financial stability. Inflation-adjusted interest rates are well above post global financial crisis lows, while medium-term growth remains weak. Persistently higher interest rates raise the cost of servicing debt, adding to fiscal pressures and posing risks to financial stability. Decisive and credible fiscal action that gradually brings global debt levels to more sustainable levels can help mitigate these dynamics. […]